flow diagram for copper slag production

Copper Mining and Processing: Processing of…

Copper processing is a complicated process that begins with mining of the ore (less than 1% copper) and ends with sheets of 99.99% pure copper called cathodes, .... This step produces a combination of matte, a mixture of copper, sulfur and iron, and slag, a dense, glassy material made of iron, silica, and other impurities.


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How copper is made - material, used, processing, steps,…

The first mention of the systematic extraction of copper ore comes from about 3800 B.C. when an Egyptian reference describes mining operations on the Sinai Peninsula. In about .... Much of the iron in the concentrate chemically combines with the flux to form a slag, which is skimmed off the surface of the molten material.


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スラグのクリーニングと pdf

recovery of copper and cobalt, and the production of magnet-grade iron oxides such as γ-Fe2O3, by a pyro/hydrometallurgical route. A flow diagram of the process is shown in Fig. 2. The fayalite slag, containing about 0.8 mass% copper and 0.4 mass% cobalt, is reduced with coke/graphite in a DC arc furnace to yield a...


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Modelling and simulation of a copper slag cleaning ... -… pdf

Figure 1. Flow diagram of an industrial copper production and slag cleaning process. The novel concept comprises a magnetic field in the recovery furnace to increase the recovery rate by electro- magnetic stirring. The feasibility of the electromagnetic (EM) copper slag cleaning process was tested at the. University of Chile...


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Process, Price, Production (Demand), Reserves, and ... -… pdf

alternative abrasives coal slag, copper slag, and staurolite in comparison to silica sand. Abrasive flow rates, cleaning rates, profiles, and total operating costs were determined for all of these abrasives from tests using 5/16", 3/8", and ½" long venturi nozzles on new millscale-bearing steel at nozzle pressures of 60, 80, 100,...


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Flows of Selected Materials Associated with World Copper… pdf

U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2004-1395. Flows of Selected Materials Associated with. World Copper Smelting. By Thomas G. Goonan. Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not Imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Open-File Report 2004–1395.


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Improving Copper Recovery from Production Slags… pdf

1.2 Conventional pyrometallurgical copper slag route. The following Figure 1 depicts how slag is produced during the pyrometallurgical copper process route. In addition, the conventional slag cleaning and desirable improvements in slag cleaning pro- cesses are visualized in the flow chart. Figure 1: Flow chart of the...


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. Figure 11-2. General process diagram for phosphorus slag production. CURRENT MANAGEMENT OPTIONS. Recycling. Copper and Nickel Slags. Copper and nickel slags have been used as granular base and embankment materials,...


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Dead Roasting and Blast-Furnace Smelting of ... - Springer… pdf

fides. A typical matte flow sheet provides for partly roasting the flotation concentrates to remove part of the contained sulfur, mix- ing the partly roasted calcine with slag-forming ingredients, and smelting in a reverberatory furnace to produce a copper-iron sul- fide matte substantially enriched in copper. Modern matte smelters.

Copper extraction - Wikipedia

Copper extraction refers to the methods used to obtaining copper from its ores. The conversion of copper consists of a series of chemical, physical, and electrochemical processes. Methods have evolved and vary with country depending on the ore source, local environmental regulations, and other factors. As in all mining...


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Mineral Processing Plants - Infrastructure Health & Safety… pdf

The following is a brief overview of the processes involved in mineral production in Ontario. During extraction and refining, the valuable metals are separated from the worthless materials by a series of physical and chemical operations. In Ontario the primary metals extracted using these methods are nickel, copper,.


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Mineral Wool Manufacturing - EPA pdf

3 Jan 2007 ... production of mineral wool from natural rock and slags such as iron blast furnace slag, the primary material, and copper, lead, and phosphate slags. These materials are processed into insulation and ... Mineral wool manufacturing process flow diagram. (Source Classification Codes in parentheses.).


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Investigating the potential for incorporating tin slag… pdf

2.5.4 Problems That Arise from the Use of Slag in Road Construction 28. 2.6 Copper Slag and Nickel Slag. 29. 2.6.1 Slag Production. 29. 2.6.2 Slag Properties. 30. 2.6.2.1 ..... Figure 2.5: General manufacturing process for copper, nickel and lead-zinc slag production. 30 .... Figure 8.1: Flow diagram of design procedure. 232.


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Improving Beneficiation of Copper and Iron from Copper…

14 Apr 2016 ... Approximately 2.0–3.0 tons of copper slag are generated per ton of copper production, depending on the properties of copper concentrates and operating .... The modification and slow cooling of copper slag was conducted in a MoSi2 electric furnace under the high purity N2 (nitrogen) flow of 10 L/min.


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copper extraction and purification - Chemguide

COPPER. This page looks at the extraction of copper from its ores, its purification by electrolysis, and some of its uses. Before you get too bogged down in the extraction of ... Much like in the Blast Furnace, the calcium carbonate is involved in the production of the slag. .... The diagram shows a very simplified view of a cell.

Application of copper slag in geomagnetic…

8 Aug 2008 ... In many localities slag deposits are found as large multilayer waste mounds which represent intensive copper production in certain periods (Figure 2). .... This tapping slag cools on the ground and frequently has observable flow textures (Figures 4c and 4d) and can be very glassy (Figures 4e and 4f).


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Use of Copper and Lead Slag in Highway… pdf

Figure 2. General Process Diagram for Copper and Lead Slag Production. In the mid-1980s, it was estimated that approximately 3.6 million metric tons (4 million tons) each of copper and phosphorus slag are produced each year in the United States, while the annual production of nickel, lead, and zinc slags is estimated to...


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266 Metal Extraction Processes rates. The emulsion is allowed to… pdf

produced during roasting or smelting and which may separate to the slag will be returned as Cu; S to the matte on .... Fire refined copper (99.5%). Figure 7.13 Flow sheet for pyrometallurgical extraction of copper from a Cu,S concentrate ..... the combustion of coke and. *The reader should consult the Pb—Zn phase diagram.


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Copper Mining and Extraction Sulfide Ores

This KS3 education resource looks at copper mining, extraction and pyroprocessing of sulfide ores. ... This diagram shows the international trade flow in copper concentrate.The flow is from major mining countries to major ... a) Elimination of iron sulfide by oxidation to iron oxide which forms a slag: 2FeS(l) + 3O2 + SiO2(l)...


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physicochemical characterization of copper slag and ...… pdf

perception of slag from a 'waste' to a 'resource'; promote the development of new technologies for treatment to recover residual values and encourage a ... the copper produced in the world (80% - 90%) is coming from sulphide ores that .... Fe2O3-CaO phase diagrams, explaining how the use of. CaO can improve use of...


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Slag reprocessing: Magma Copper Company's… pdf

1 Aug 1993 ... W0-0025, Work Assignment 209. Magma Copper Company submitted comments on an earlier draft of this report. EPA had amended the report where appropriate to reflect those comments. The mention of company or product names is not to be considered an endorsement by the U.S. Government or the...


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Copper and bloomery iron smelting in Central ... - UCL… pdf

5 Jan 2017 ... This project investigates the copper and iron producing industries of Daye County, a substantial mining and smelting area in the Hubei Province (China) with activities well documented from the early 1st millennium BC. In particular, this study aims to characterise the engineering parameters of the primary...


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Management of copper pyrometallurgical slags: giving… pdf

MOLTEN SLAGS FLUXES AND SALTS. 544. Some previous studies have been considered4–5. Among other interesting papers are notable patents reporting flow sheets for specific processes to treat copper slag. In this case, the proposal is to establish methods and techniques for treating slag produced in Chilean smelter...


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Chapter 82 - Metal Processing and Metal Working Industry

In smelting, the worthless material, usually iron, forms a slag with fluxing material and is converted into the oxide. The valuable metals acquire the metallic form at the converting stage, which takes place in converting furnaces. This method is used in copper and nickel production. Iron, ferrochromium, lead, magnesium and...


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MATERIAL AND HEAT BALANCE OF PROCESSES pdf

be shown as a single stream of gas and not as five separate streams. On the other hand, slag and metal produced by a blast furnace should be shown by two separate streams. the blast furnace itself being indicated by a simple rectangle. A typical flow diagram is shown in Fig. 3.1 The diagram describes extraction of copper...


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Copper mining. The main stages. - School Science

Copper mines are only set up where there is more than 5kg of copper per tonne of rock (0.5% by mass). Ideally, the figure should be closer to 2%. Roll over diagram of sequence, The flow chart shows you how copper is extracted from its ore and converted into pure metal. Roll over each stage to get a summary and click to...


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2 Existing OpEratiOn 2 - BHP Billiton pdf

copper respectively. In 1997, and following a second EIS. (Kinhill 1997), a major expansion received conditional approval to produce up to 350,000 tpa of copper, ... Waste oil storage facility. Tertiary containment pond. Tertiary containment pond. Ore stockpile. Tertiary containment pond. Medium-term slag stockpile. Caustic.


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Recovery of Copper from Reverberatory Copper Slag and ...… pdf

concentrate, various mining operations have initiated the recovery of copper from ... manufacturing. Copper slag is a form of olivine, a magnesium, iron and silicate mineral with the formula (Mg+2,. Fe+2)2SiO4. The production of nano silica from the dissolution of olivine ... Schematic flow diagram for leaching of copper slag.


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slag grinding cement flow diagram process

2, the production process of nano cement begins with adding a tonne of Consequently, the cost of consumed fuel per a tonne of cement is reduced considering the required cost for the additional grinding Nanocement production flow chart. Utilization of local raw materials such as silica sand, damped wastes slag or.


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Continuous process for copper smelting and converting in…

11 Sep 1984 ... A process and apparatus for continuous copper smelting, slag conversion, and production of blister copper in the same furnace by enriched oxygen containing gas injection.


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Material Flow in Industry - Mechanical… pdf

Study material flow in the production of steel, aluminum, copper, cement, plastics, paper, and ... Material Flow Diagram: Recycle, Reuse, or Remanufacturing ..... Slag (0.385). 0.27. 0.112. (1.95). Blast Furnace. B O F. Limestone (0.21). Coke (0.51). Figure 5- 5 Material Flow Diagram For Steel Production. Air. Oxygen. 2Fe2O3...


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COPPER Copper production pdf

Figure 3: Typical flow sheet for pyrometallurgical copper production from ore concentrates. The large blast and ... ores are processed directly to impure black copper ( 95 wt % Cu) and to a copper-rich slag. The two ore types can be smelted together to produce matte and a slag with low copper content. Another product is top...


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Copper - Department of Energy pdf

Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Mining Industry. 5 Copper. For nearly 5,000 years, copper was the only metal known to man. It remains one of the most used and .... Tailings from flotation of copper slag are a second RCRA special waste. .... Pyrometallurgical Process Flow Diagram for Copper Ore. Precious.


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Recovery of cobalt, nickel, and copper from slags, using…

Processes have previously been described in which carbothermic reduction has been carried out in electric furnaces (1-3). The aim of a slag cleaning process is to maximize the recovery of valuable metals (such as Co, Ni, and Cu) in an alloy with the lowest possible iron content. The amount of metallic iron produced should...


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Distribution of elements in slag, matte, and speiss… pdf

slag is produced in Rönnskär plant, which 60% of it is granulated and the rest is sent to Boliden's concentrator plant for copper recovery. Granulated slag is so-called Iron-. Sand and it is used as filling and draining material in construction of roads and buildings' foundation [11]. Figure 4 shows a flow diagram of the whole...

the effect of cooling rate of slag from primary copper… pdf

4 May 2015 ... Technological procedure of slow cooling slag from primary copper production is applied in the purpose of ... copper production from primary raw materials consists of smelting in flash smelting furnace (FSF) .... flow, diagram is presented in Figure 8. with the data corresponding to these cooling conditions.


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Crystallization Behaviors of Copper Smelter… pdf

18 Apr 2014 ... processing of byproducts is a significant activity, which determines the profitability of copper production facilities. Magnetic separation of ... In the present study, using an infrared furnace, the crystallization behavior of copper smelter slag with regard to obtaining a TTT diagram was assessed by X-ray...


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Characterization and Modification of the Secondary… pdf

the copper smelting process and the entire production loop. The phase relations ... transformation (CCT) diagrams were constructed. The influence of ... The slag was cooled in an iron pot, a copper mold, a steel plate and quenched with water flow. XRF, XRD and EPMA were employed to characterize the slag. The cooling...


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Nonferrous Slags - Material Description - User Guidelines for…

General process diagram for copper, nickel and lead-zinc slag production.
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Effective Use of Resources | Activity Report | Sumitomo Metal…

Introduction to our initiatives concerning the effective use of resources.


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Elemental properties of coal slag and measured airborne…

1 May 2017 ... Full-shift area air samples identified beryllium, chromium, cobalt, copper, iron, nickel, manganese, and vanadium. ... Our work expands the current limited understanding of occupational exposures to dust, silica, and metals in coal slag granule production. ... Generalized coal slag process flow diagram.


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